The use of KI...was credited with permissible iodine content in 97% of the evacuees tested. Pure Encapsulations - Iodine (Potassium Iodide) - Hypoallergenic Supplement Supports Healthy Thyroid Function - 120 Capsules 4.6 out of 5 stars 964 $15.90 $ 15 . In 1945, millions of Japanese were exposed to radiation from nuclear weapons, and the effects can still be measured. For protection of the thyroid against radioiodine (iodine-131) contamination, the convenient standard 130 mg KI pill is used, if available. Your email address will not be published. Dawn Scientific Inc is women owned small business located in central New Jersey. Inorganic Potassium Compounds Fisher Scientific, Bishop Meadow Road, Loughborough, Leicestershire, LE11 5RG KI (potassium iodide) blocks radioactive iodine from entering the thyroid. ", But equally important to the question of KI is the fact that radioactivity releases are not "local" events. Iobenguane Sulfate I 131 Injection Diagnostic package insert. An acupressure technique, NAET (NAET.com) has proven very effective to reverse this allergy. Because KI contains so much stable iodine, the thyroid gland becomes “full” and cannot absorb any more iodine—either stable or radioactive—for the next 24 hours. Dedicated nutritional iodide tablets containing 0.15 mg (150 micrograms (μg)) of iodide, from KI or from various other sources (such as kelp extract) are marketed as supplements, but they are not to be confused with the much higher pharmaceutical dose preparations.  , Potassium iodide has been used medically since at least 1820. We have been serving our esteemed customers from various industries since 1978.  Potassium iodide has the chemical formula KI. A single dose of KI (potassium iodide) protects the thyroid gland for 24 hours. With pure water, the concentration of KI in the solution depends only on the temperature. The detailed information of inorganic iodine compound iodine of GODO SHIGEN, which has been contributing to the development of its customers and local communities as a pioneer company in the production of Potassium iodide, will be introduced. Elsievier Publishing, US Food and Drug Administration, FDA Talk Paper: Guidance on Protection Against Thyroid Cancer in Case of a Nuclear Accident, US Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Assessment of the Use of Potassium Iodide (KI) As a Public Protective Action During Severe Reactor Accidents Quoting Thyroid Cancer in Children of Belarus Following the Chernobyl Accident, NUREG-1633, United Nations: Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), Chernobyl, a Continuing Catastrophe, New York and Geneva, 2000, World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines, https://www.fda.gov/regulatory-information/search-fda-guidance-documents/potassium-iodide-thyroid-blocking-agent-radiation-emergencies, "43-2035 AdreView Panel PI 091908:Layout 1", https://web.archive.org/web/20111007202042/https://www.eanm.org/scientific_info/guidelines/gl_radio_ther_benzyl.pdf?PHPSESSID=46d05b62d235c36a12166bf939b656c7, "Guidelines for Iodine Prophylaxis following Nuclear Accidents", "Potassium Iodide as a Thyroid Blocking Agent in Radiation Emergencies", https://www.cdc.gov/nceh/radiation/emergencies/ki.htm, "POTASSIUM IODIDE - ORAL (SSKI) side effects, medical uses, and drug interactions", "Iodide as a Fluorescence Quencher and Promoter—Mechanisms and Possible Implications", Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, "Iodide prophylaxis in Poland after the chernobyl reactor accident: Benefits and risks", "Vegetables near stricken plant test high for radiation", six questions about a half of million iodine pills, "REQUEST FOR INFORMATION:CRITICAL FOREIGN DEPENDENCIES", "Potassium Iodide Dosage Guidelines & Frequently Asked Questions", "Potassium Iodide: An Antidote for Radiation Exposure", "Oral potassium iodide for the treatment of sporotrichosis", "Successful therapy of refractory erythema nodosum associated with Crohn's disease using potassium iodide", World Health Organization's guidelines for iodine prophylaxis following a nuclear accident, Airborne radioactive particulate monitoring, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Potassium_iodide&oldid=998383668, World Health Organization essential medicines, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from May 2012, Articles with dead external links from July 2020, Chemical articles with unknown parameter in Infobox drug, Articles containing unverified chemical infoboxes, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2011, Wikipedia medicine articles ready to translate, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, iOSAT, SSKI, ThyroSafe, ThyroShield, others, Saturated solutions of potassium iodide can be an emergency treatment for, Iodide solutions made from a few drops of SSKI added to drinks have also been used as, Potassium iodide has been used for symptomatic treatment of. May play an important role in enhancing a corals ability to adapt to rapid… Due to its high potassium content, SSKI is extremely bitter, and if possible it is administered in a sugar cube or small ball of bread. , The use of a particular 'Iodine tablet' used in portable water purification has also been determined as somewhat effective at reducing radioiodine uptake. Thus, a drop of SSKI provides 50/0.15 = 333 times the daily iodine requirement, and a standard KI tablet provides twice this much. A saturated solution of KI (SSKI) is typically given orally in adult doses several times a day (5 drops of SSKI assumed to be 1⁄3 mL) for thyroid blockade (to prevent the thyroid from excreting thyroid hormone) and occasionally this dose is also used, when iodide is used as an expectorant (the total dose is about one gram KI per day for an adult). , Potassium iodide is used as a nutritional supplement in animal feeds and also in the human diet. Since the iodide ion is a mild reducing agent, I− is easily oxidised to I2 by powerful oxidising agents such as chlorine: This reaction is employed in the isolation of iodine from natural sources. In all these cases however, despite the risks, the prophylaxis benefits of intervention with iodide, iodate or perchlorate outweigh the serious cancer risk from radioiodine bioaccumulation in regions where radioiodine has sufficiently contaminated the environment. Potassium iodide can be used as an expectorant to thin mucus … Shop a large selection of products and learn more about Potassium iodide, 99+%, ACS reagent, ACROS Organics. ", Chernobyl also demonstrated that the need to protect the thyroid from radiation was greater than expected. ESV Potassium Iodide Solution is a highly soluble form of inorganic iodide which makes it great for maintaining dissolved iodide levels in your saltwater tank. Potassium iodide is a metal-halide salt featuring an ionic bond between the potassium cation (K+) and the iodide anion (I–). Potassium iodide is a component in the electrolyte of dye sensitised solar cells (DSSC) along with iodine. Comparison Of Organic And Inorganic Compounds A.1 Physical Properties Name 1. However, in the event of a radioiodine release too massive and widespread to be controlled by the limited stock of iodide and iodate prophylaxis drugs, then the addition of perchlorate ions to the water supply, or distribution of perchlorate tablets would serve as a cheap, efficacious, second line of defense against carcinogenic radioiodine bioaccumulation. Potassium iodide cannot protect against any other mechanisms of radiation poisoning, nor can it provide any degree of protection against dirty bombs that produce radionuclides other than those of iodine. It is a white salt, which is the most commercially significant iodide compound, with approximately 37,000 tons produced in 1985. Until drinking, the solution is normally applied to the tea, fruit juice or milk. . The structure of a KI molecule is illustrated below.  As a medication it is used to treat hyperthyroidism, in radiation emergencies, and to protect the thyroid gland when certain types of radiopharmaceuticals are used. However, for several fluorophores addition of KI in μM-mM concentrations results in increase of fluorescence intensity, and iodide acts as fluorescence enhancer.. U.S. Food and Drug Administration-approved dosing of potassium iodide for this purpose with iobenguane, is as follows (per 24 hours): infants less than 1 month old, 16 mg; children 1 month to 3 years, 32 mg; children 3 years to 18 years, 65 mg; adults 130 mg. However, some sources recommend alternative dosing regimens. Buy and get information for Potassium iodide, A.R., GRM1086, 7681-11-0, Chemicals, Inorganic, AR Grade At maximal doses, and sometimes at much lower doses, side effects of iodide used for medical reasons, in doses of 1000 times the normal nutritional need, may include: acne, loss of appetite, or upset stomach (especially during the first several days, as the body adjusts to the medication). Emergency 130 milligrams potassium iodide doses provide 100 mg iodide (the other 30 mg is the potassium in the compound), which is roughly 700 times larger than the normal nutritional need (see recommended dietary allowance) for iodine, which is 150 micrograms (0.15 mg) of iodine (as iodide) per day for an adult. Kowalsky RJ, Falen, SW. Radiopharmaceuticals in Nuclear Pharmacy and Nuclear Medicine. Potassium iodide finds its most important applications in organic synthesis mainly in the preparation of aryl iodides in the Sandmeyer reaction, starting from aryl amines. This method of delivering potassium iodide does not require a method to weigh out the potassium iodide so it can be used in an emergency situation. It absorbs water less readily than sodium iodide, making it easier to work with. A molecule of potassium iodide consists of one potassium cation and one iodide anion, which are held together by an ionic bond. 90 ($0.13/Count) To guarantee a clean and stable product, our matrix is prepared using double-deionized, ASTM Type I Water. Iodine can be both types. Comparison Of Organic And Inorganic Compounds A.1 Physical Properties Name 1. KI crystals are simply added to water until no more KI will dissolve and instead sits at the bottom of the container. "Pathophysiology: The biological basis for disease in Adults and Children".  Because the volumes of KI and water are approximately additive, the resulting SSKI solution will contain about 1.00 gram (1000 mg) KI per milliliter (mL) of solution. Melting 4. It reacts readily with any oxidizer, including oxidizing acids such as sulfuric and nitric. The measures were seen as precautions, and the Pentagon said no U.S. forces have shown signs of radiation poisoning. Organic Or State Point Bonds Inorganic? Potassium iodide can be oxidized into an I2 molecule by introducing an oxidizing agent to it. Filtered product was dried in vacuum oven at 80 °C for 6 h. 2.4. Of these products, 131I (Iodine-131) is one of the most common and is particularly dangerous to the thyroid gland because it may lead to thyroid cancer. KI (potassium iodide) is a stable (not radioactive) iodine salt that can help prevent the absorption of radioactive iodine by the thyroid gland, thus shielding this gland from radiation injury. , It was reported on March 16, 2011, that potassium iodide tablets were given preventively to U.S. , KI is used with silver nitrate to make silver iodide (AgI), an important chemical in film photography. 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